The population of the town is over 21,000 people. As the town grew, it attracted immigrants from a variety of backgrounds including Irish, Italians, and African-Americans, leading to the diverse population Winchester enjoys today.
Winchester has two stops on the MBTA Lowell Line commuter rail, providing residents with easy access to North Station in Boston. Several bus lines also operate in Winchester for access to other local areas. With Interstate 93 nearby, residents can easily get to any area within the region.
Winchester was originally purchased from the Native Americans in 1639 as part of Charlestown. Known as Waterfield or Black Horse Village, it was settled by Europeans in 1640. The town did not incorporate until 1850, when the Whig party sought to separate from the surrounding Democratic towns. When the town was granted incorporation, it took land from Woburn, Arlington, Medford, and Cambridge.
In its early days, the town was largely agricultural, but as was the case with many Massachusetts towns, the railroad allowed it to thrive with industry as well. The two best-known industries in town were the Beggs and Cobb tannery and the Winn Watch Hand factory.
Today, Winchester is largely residential, with residents commuting into Boston and other cities for work. There has been a recent push towards saving energy and becoming a Green Community, a designation that the town earned in 2010 by the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources. With solar power installation, state grants, and other programs, it has become a model for environmental friendliness on the municipal level.