When Route 128 was built through the town, Lexington experienced a population boom, especially in the 1960s and 1970s. With the establishment of the Historic Districts Commission, a town planning board, and strict zoning regulations, Lexington has been able to highlight its historic past while welcoming the high-tech future in this popular residential community.
Lexington is considered a suburb of Boston, Massachusetts. It is located in Middlesex County 11 miles northwest of Boston. It covers 16.4 square miles, making it one of the biggest towns in the vicinity, larger than its neighbors including Woburn, Burlington, Winchester, Arlington, Belmont, Waltham, Bedford, and Lincoln.
The population of the town has steadily grown throughout its history and is currently around 31,000. It is the sixth wealthiest small city in the United States. With convenient bus and highway access to many other parts of the region, many residents commute to Boston and other towns for work, though there are some large employers within the town. The Minuteman Bike Path also runs through Lexington along the old railroad line connecting Cambridge and Somerville to Bedford.
Lexington contains many historical sites related to the Revolutionary War. The Minute Man National Historic Park, a 970 acre preserved area, is also in town. This land includes the historic Lexington Battle Green, walking trails and paths, and many historic buildings and landmarks. There is also a thriving historic downtown district providing residents with a variety of restaurants, retail, and art galleries to visit.